Chronic kidney failure and its causes

    People need to know that our main function of the kidney system is to filter the blood, to reabsorb it and to take advantage of the substances necessary and beneficial for our body and to eliminate those we do not need and that if we accumulate them , could be toxic.

Experts in the field say that the main organs responsible for performing these functions are the kidneys, through units called nephrons, which are responsible for filtering blood, which is why it is so important that our kidney system works properly, because any damage to it will it causes a change in our nutritional status and, consequently, a deterioration in our health.

Doctors say that chronic kidney failure occurs when people have at least one of the following aspects is present for 3 months:

  • Kidney injury. This condition occurs when people experience structural as well as functional abnormalities of the kidney. These abnormalities cause the nephron to decrease or change the volume of the filtrate.
  • The volume of the filtrate is less than 60 ml / min / 1.73 m2.

These issues need to be detected by doctors and are generally guided by the most common symptoms associated with chronic kidney failure, such as:

  • Due to the accumulation of fluids and the difficulty of eliminating them, edema occurs
  • Hypoalbuminemia occurs when the level of albumin in the blood is very low
  • Hyperlipidemia: imbalances in the lipid profile.
  • Elevated levels of nitrogenous compounds in the blood (creatinine, urea, etc.), which, in large quantities, are toxic to our body.

In this article I will tell you the main causes of this condition. These are the following:

  • Doctors say that diabetes plays a very important role in this condition because it affects the kidneys due to high blood glucose levels, which impedes its filtering function.
  • Another very important cause is very high blood pressure. This is common in patients with chronic kidney failure because high blood pressure affects the blood vessels and if the blood vessels in the kidneys are damaged, it will be more difficult for them to perform the filtration function properly.
  • Heart failure: due to damage or narrowing of blood vessels.
  • And last but not least, it is very important to treat and control the associated pathologies, in order to prevent the appearance of secondary pathologies, such as chronic renal failure.
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